Michael Luciano (Advisor: Cynthia McGowan)
Sustainable Chemistry for the Next Generation
Four reactions have been developed that can be performed in the undergraduate laboratory setting that have an environmentally friendly approach. The reactions were done using microwave technology and were developed in the Discover and/or MARS microwave unit. The first reaction is the Heck reaction that illustrates the use of a catalyst in order to enhance chemical reaction and uses water as a green solvent, the second is an E2 elimination reaction that incorporates the use of green solvents and provides students with an introduction to gas chromatography, the third is a Diels-Alder reaction that illustrates the concept of green chemical work-ups, and the fourth is the copper catalyzed cyanation of iodonapthalene that uses a safer cyanide source than traditionally used. All of these experiments provide a more sustainable approach than those typically found in the literature.